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Título : Expression of pituitary tumor–transforming gene 1 (PTTG1)/securin in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated liver diseases: Evidence for an HBV X protein–mediated inhibition of PTTG1 ubiquitination and degradation
Autor : Molina-Jiménez, Francisca, Pintor-Toro, José Antonio, Barbero, José Luis, López Cabrera, Manuel
Fecha de publicación : Mar-2010
Editor: American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Resumen: Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is strongly associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the viral HBx protein plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of liver tumors. Because the protooncogene pituitary tumor–transforming gene 1 (PTTG1) is overexpressed in HCC, we investigated the regulation of this protein by HBx. We analyzed PTTG1 expression levels in liver biopsies from patients chronically infected with HBV, presenting different disease stages, and from HBx transgenic mice. PTTG1 was undetectable in biopsies from chronic hepatitis B patients or from normal mouse livers. In contrast, hyperplastic livers from transgenic mice and biopsies from patients with cirrhosis, presented PTTG1 expression which was found mainly in HBx-expressing hepatocytes. PTTG1 staining was further increased in HCC specimens. Experiments in vitro revealed that HBx induced a marked accumulation of PTTG1 protein without affecting its messenger RNA levels. HBx expression promoted the inhibition of PTTG1 ubiquitination, which in turn impaired its degradation by the proteasome. Glutathione S-transferase pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that the interaction between PTTG1 and the Skp1–Cul1–F-box ubiquitin ligase complex (SCF) was partially disrupted, possibly through a mechanism involving protein–protein interactions of HBx with PTTG1 and/or SCF. Furthermore, confocal analysis revealed that HBx colocalized with PTTG1 and Cul1. We propose that HBx promotes an abnormal accumulation of PTTG1, which may provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms of HBV-related pathogenesis of progressive liver disease leading to HCC development.
Descripción : 5 páginas, 8 figuras.-- et al.
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ISSN: 0270-9139
DOI: 10.1002/hep.23468
Citación : Hepatology 51(3): 777-787 (2010)
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