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Title

Behavioural response of a trophic specialist, the Iberian lynx, to supplementary food: Patterns of food use and implications for conservation

AuthorsLópez-Bao, José V. ; Rodríguez, Alejandro ; Palomares, Francisco
KeywordsAccessibility
Behavioural response
Conservation
Exclusivity
Food-limited populations
Habituation Lynx
pardinus Specialist
predators
Supplemental feeding
Issue DateJul-2008
PublisherElsevier
CitationBIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 141 (2008) 185 7–186 7
AbstractPrey scarcity compromises population survival, especially for specialist predators. Supple- mentary feeding is a management tool that can be applied to reverse the decline of food- limited populations. We analyse how a population of Iberian lynx, a threatened food spe- cialist, initially reacted to, and subsequently used, supplementary food. Twenty-seven feeding stations (FS) with domestic rabbits were placed in the Don˜ ana Biological Reserve, SW Spain, between 2002 and 2005. We recorded lynx tracks inside and around stations to analyse spatio-temporal patterns of use, as well as the performance of several station designs. Iberian lynx used 62% of the FS installed, and consumed most of the supplied food. All station designs were used and food provision apparently covered the energetic needs of the lynx inhabiting the reserve. There was spatial aggregation in the use of the FS. Fourteen weeks were needed on average for lynx to become familiar with feeding stations and mak- ing a regular use of the supplementary food. Seasonal variations in consumption frequency appeared to be modulated by fluctuations of wild rabbit numbers throughout its annual cycle as well as by variation in energy demand of breeding females. The Iberian lynx responded positively to our supplementary feeding programme. We show that this tech- nique allows the persistence of lynx populations during long periods in areas where wild rabbits are extremely scarce. Supplementary food may be used to sustain lynx whenever rabbit populations need recovery, as well as in the context of lynx restocking or reintroduc- tion programmes.
Publisher version (URL)http.//dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2008.05.002
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/41604
DOI10.1016/j.biocon.2008.05.002
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