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Detection of Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin coding genes: analysis of PCR products by real time versus capillary gel electrophoresis methods

AuthorsSánchez-Hernández, Laura; Cifuentes, Alejandro ; Jiménez, Begoña ; Mateo, Rafael ; González García, Ramón
KeywordsCapillary electrophoresis
Clostridium botulinum
Issue Date2008
CitationEuropean Food Research and Technology 227(2): 495-502 (2008)
AbstractIn this work, two PCR-based methods have been developed for the detection of Clostridium botulinum strains carrying the gene coding for C. botulinum neurotoxin C (BoNTC) responsible for avian botulism. Both methods are based on the same amplification primers designed using multiple sequence alignments between toxin C coding sequences from DNA sequence databases. The first is a real-time PCR method, using a Taqman-MGB probe. The second uses conventional end-point PCR, followed by capillary gel electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CGE-LIF). A comparison between both methods has been established for the individual and simultaneous detection of toxin C (BONTC) or bacterial 16S (BACT) sequences from C. botulinum. The results indicate that, in general, the same sensitivity was achieved by using RT-PCR and PCR-CGE-LIF allowing the detection of both C. botulinum amplicons from concentrations as low as 7 × 10−5 μg/ml of total genomic DNA. Some other features from RT-PCR and CGE-LIF are also critically discussed in this work, including quantification capability, size determination, analysis speed and identification strategies, to provide enough information to adequately select the best analytical technique in each case.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0746-1
Appears in Collections:(IFI) Artículos
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