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Title

Prevalence of Neutralizing Antibodies to West Nile Virus in Eleonora’s Falcons in the Canary Islands

AuthorsGangoso, Laura ; Grande, Juan Manuel ; Llorente, Francisco; Jiménez-Clavero, Miguel A.; Pérez, Jesús M.; Figuerola, Jordi
KeywordsCanary Islands
Eleonora’s Falcon
louse flies
neutralizing antibodies
West Nile Virus.
Issue DateOct-2010
PublisherWildlife Disease Association
CitationJournal of Wildlife Diseases, 46(4), 2010, pp. 1321–1324
AbstractBirds are the major amplifying host for West Nile virus (WNV), a flavivirus that may affect humans and transmitted by bloodsucking vectors. Eleonora’s Falcons (Falco eleonorae) migrate to the Canary Islands annually from WNV-endemic regions. To investigate the possible role of Eleonora’s Falcons in the circulation of WNV, we measured WNV- specific antibodies in 81 falcons captured in 2006. None of the nestlings but 14.8% of the adults had WNV-neutralizing antibodies. RT- PCR did not detect flaviviruses in nonculicine ectoparasites (n5231) of the falcons. These findings suggest that WNV infection did not occur locally, but rather on the wintering grounds or during migration
Publisher version (URL)http://www.jwildlifedis.org/cgi/reprint/46/4/1321
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/41208
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