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Enhanced induction of apoptosis in a radio-resistant bladder tumor cell line by combined treatments with X-rays and wortmannin

AuthorsOrtiz, Trinidad; Burguillos, Miguel Ángel; López-Lluch, Guillermo ; Navas, Plácido ; Herrador, Miguel; González, Isabel; Piñero, Joaquín
Cell line
Dose-response relationship
Radiation dosage
Radiation-sensitizing agents
Urinary bladder neoplasms
Issue Date12-Sep-2008
CitationRadiation and Environmental Biophysics 47(4): 445-452 (2008)
AbstractThe radiosensitizing effect of wortmannin (WM) treatment during and after irradiation was studied in radioresistant bladder tumor cell lines with normal (MGH-U1 cells) or defective p53 activity (RT112 cells). WM modulated G2/M cell cycle arrest induced by higher X-ray doses (10 Gy) in both cell lines, although the alteration was significant only in RT112 cells. The observation suggests that WM activity is independent of p53. Constitutive expression of DNA-PKcs was found to be higher in RT112 cells than in MGH-U1. Treatment with WM enhanced radiation-induced apoptosis significantly in RT112 cells while it had no effect on MGH-U1 cells. Although a variety of PI3-kinases and PI3-K like kinases (including ATM) could be inhibited by WM, our observation of increased early lethality by WM treatment in RT112 is in agreement with previous results. They suggest that the WM-dependent radiosensitization of RT112 is a direct consequence of the inhibition of DNA-PK, resulting in the inhibition of DSB repair in the fast component. This early effect in the p53 deficient cell line could also indicate that processes other than apoptosis may contribute to the increased radiosensitization. In our opinion, the expression level of DNA-PKcs in human tumor cells may be a good predictor for the success of DNA-PKcs inhibitors when used as radiosensitizers.
Description8 páginas, 6 figuras.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-008-0188-6
Appears in Collections:(CABD) Artículos
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