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Modeling adsorption-desorption processes of Cu on edge and planar sites of montmorillonite

AuthorsUndabeytia López, Tomás ; Nir, Shlomo ; Rytwo, Giora; Serban, Carina; Morillo González, Esmeralda
Issue DateMay-2002
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationEnvironmental Science and Technology 36 (12): 2677-2683 (2002)
AbstractThe effect of the ionic strength on adsorption of Cu on Ca-montmorillonite (SAz-1) was studied at concentrations ranging from 31 to 516 BM. An adsorption model was employed in the analysis of the data. When the background electrolyte was NaClO4 the ionic interchange was suppressed at 0.5 M, and Cu adsorption was taking place on edge sites, reaching a plateau at about 24 mmol/kg. A further increase in ionic strength did not make any effect on Cu adsorption, suggesting that the heavy metal was being adsorbed by inner sphere complexes on the edge sites. A binding coefficient for Cu2+ on the edge sites K= 2x104 M-1 was determined indicating very high affinity of Cu2+ for these sites. When the electrolyte used was NaCl the amounts of Cu adsorbed were reduced. The model predicted well the adsorption data by considering adsorption of CuCl+ species. Adsorption-desorption processes of Cu on Ca-montmorillonite in media of 0.01 and 0.1 M NaCl showed hysteresis. Model calculations predict the desorbed amounts fairly well. According to the model the hysteresis is mainly attributed to the heterogeneity of sites for the adsorption of Cu. The hysteresis arising from the planar sites is largely due to reduced competition for adsorption and enhancement in the magnitude of the surface potential.
Description7 pages, 3 figures, 5 tables, 34 references.
Publisher version (URL)10.1021/es011154X
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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