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Small- scale structure of infaunal polychaete communities in an estuarine environment: Methodological approach

AuthorsMartin, Daniel ; Ballesteros, Enric ; Ballesteros, Enric ; Gili, Josep Maria ; Palacín, Cruz
KeywordsCommunity structure
NW Mediterranean
Issue Date1993
CitationEstuarine, coastal and shelf sciences 36 : 47- 58 (1993)
AbstractThis study compares different methods for the estimation of minimal areas (viz. species/area curves, diversity/area curves, similarity/area curves, variance/mean ratio vs. area curves) as community structure descriptions. The comparisons are based upon two polychaete taxocoenoses from muddy and sandy habitats, located in a semienclosed shallow-water Mediterranean bay (Alfacs Bay, Ebro Delta, NW Mediterranean).The mud community appeared to be very homogeneous, with very low diversity. This community displayed high structural simplicity (related to various stress factors), and therefore, qualifies as a physically controlled community). The diversity index was stabilized for areas of 37 cm2, quantitative similarity (Kulcznski index) was higher than 0·7 for areas of 90 cm2, and density of individuals was stabilized for areas of 120 cm2. Therefore, and area of 120 cm2 is suggested as being representative of the community structure. However, it was impossible to define a qualitatively adequate sampling area ( more than 300cm2). The sand community displayed hig structural complexity, with hig species richness and high diversity. This community was characterized by high environmental stability and high variability of microhabitats, as is frequent in biologically accomodated communities. Tne number of individuals became homogeneous for areas of 600-1000 cm2, diversity was stabilized around 300 cm2 and a Kulczynski similarity index of 0·7 was alredy attained at areas of 1000cm2. Thus, a quantitatively representative sampling area of between 700 and 1000 cm2 was suggested. Moreover, the more general pattern of species distribution (with an important set of common species) was directly related to the relatively low qualitative minimal area (400 cm2)
Description12 páginas, 3 figuras, 2 tablas
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
(ICM) Artículos
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