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Title: Geographical Structuring of Genetic Diversity Across the Whole Distribution Range of Narcissus longispathus, a Habitat-specialist, Mediterranean Narrow Endemic
Authors: Medrano, Mónica ; Herrera, Carlos M.
Keywords: Allozymes
genetic diversity
geographical scale
habitat isolation
Narcissus longispathus
Mediterranean endemism
mountain range
natural fragmented distribution
Issue Date: Jun-2008
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Annals of Botany 102: 183 – 194, 2008
Abstract: † Background and Aims High mountain ranges of the Mediterranean Basin harbour a large number of narrowly endemic plants. In this study an investigation is made of the levels and partitioning of genetic diversity in Narcissus longispathus, a narrow endemic of south-eastern Spanish mountains characterized by a naturally fragmen- ted distribution due to extreme specialization on a rare habitat type. By using dense sampling of populations across the species’ whole geographical range, genetic structuring at different geographical scales is also examined. † Methods Using horizontal starch-gel electrophoresis, allozyme variability was screened at 19 loci for a total of 858 individuals from 27 populations. The data were analysed by means of standard statistical approaches in order to esti- mate gene diversity and the genetic structure of the populations. † Key Results Narcissus longispathus displayed high levels of genetic diversity and extensive diversification among populations. At the species level, the percentage of polymorphic loci was 68 %, with average values of 2.1, 0.11 and 0.14 for the number of alleles per locus, observed heterozygosity and expected heterozygosity, respectively. Southern and more isolated populations tended to have less genetic variability than northern and less-isolated popu- lations. A strong spatial patterning of genetic diversity was found at the various spatial scales. Gene flow/drift equi- librium occurred over distances ,4 km. Beyond that distance divergence was relatively more influenced by drift. The populations studied seem to derive from three panmictic units or ‘gene pools’, with levels of admixture being greatest in the central and south-eastern portions of the species’ range. † Conclusions In addition to documenting a case of high genetic diversity in a narrow endemic plant with naturally fragmented populations, the results emphasize the need for dense population sampling and examination of different geographical scales for understanding population genetic structure in habitat specialists restricted to ecological islands
Publisher version (URL): http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/content/102/2/183.full.pdf+html
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/38716
DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcn086
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