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Open Access item DNA sequence-specific recognition by a transcriptional regulator requires indirect readout of A-tracts

Authors:Mendieta, Jesús
Pérez-Lago, Laura
Salas, Margarita
Camacho, Ana
Issue Date:2007
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Citation:Nucleic Acids Research 35 (10): 3252-3261 (2007)
Abstract:The bacteriophage Ø29 transcriptional regulator p4 binds to promoters of different intrinsic activities. The p4–DNA complex contains two identical protomers that make similar interactions with the target sequence 5′-AACTTTTT-15 bp-AAAATGTT-3′. To define how the various elements in the target sequence contribute to p4's affinity, we studied p4 binding to a series of mutated binding sites. The binding specificity depends critically on base pairs of the target sequence through both direct as well as indirect readout. There is only one specific contact between a base and an amino acid residue; other contacts take place with the phosphate backbone. Alteration of direct amino acid–base contacts, or mutation of non-contacted A·T base pairs at A-tracts abolished binding. We generated three 5 ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate the basis for the p4–DNA complex specificity. Recognition is controlled by the protein and depends on DNA dynamic properties. MD results on protein–DNA contacts and the divergence of p4 affinity to modified binding sites reveal an inherent asymmetry, which is required for p4-specific binding and may be crucial for transcription regulation.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm180
E-ISSNmetadata.dc.identifier.doi = DOI:1362-4962
Appears in Collections:(CBM) Artículos

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