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Closed Access item Experimental and theoretical studies on the asymmetric cyanosilylation of C2-symmetric hydrazones

Authors:Ros, Abel
Díez, Elena
Marqués-López, Eugenia
Martín-Zamora, Eloísa
Vázquez, Juan
Iglesias-Sigüenza, Javier
Pappalardo, Rafael R.
Álvarez, Eleuterio
Lassaletta, José M.
Fernández, Rosario
Keywords:Asymmetric cyanosilylation, Hydrazones, Dialkylamino, α-hydrazino, Hydrazino nitriles
Issue Date:6-May-2008
Citation:Tetrahedron Asymmetry 19(8): 998-1004 (2008)
Abstract:The Et2AlCl-promoted asymmetric cyanosilylation of (2S,5S)-1-amino-2,5-diphenylpyrrolidine-derived aliphatic hydrazones affords the corresponding hydrazinonitriles with high diastereoselectivity (dr 91:9 to >99:1). The resolving properties of the auxiliary allowed the isolation of the adducts as single diastereoisomers (dr >99:1) in good yields (80–84%) after chromatography. Ab initio MO calculations indicated that the formation of the hydrazone-promoter complex inhibits n→π conjugation and increases the nucleophilicity of the dialkylamino nitrogen, enabling the basic activation of TMSCN. The calculated geometries for these complexes show the shielding of the Si face of the CN bond by one of the phenyl groups in the auxiliary, providing an explanation for the observed absolute configuration.
Description:7 páginas, 3 figuras, 3 tablas, 1 esquema.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tetasy.2008.03.020
Appears in Collections:(IIQ) Artículos

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