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Relationship between Shoot-rooting and Root-sprouting Abilities and the Carbohydrate and Nitrogen Reserves of Mediterranean Dwarf Shrubs

AuthorsPalacio, Sara ; Maestro Martínez, Melchor ; Montserrat-Martí, Gabriel
KeywordsMediterranean dwarf shrubs
Non-structural carbohydrates sprouting
Disturbance response
Root : shoot ratio
Shoot-rooting ability
Adventitious roots
Allocation pattern
Issue DateOct-2007
Oxford University Press
CitationAnnals of Botany 100(4): 865-874 (2007)
Abstract[Background and Aims]: This study analysed the differences in nitrogen (N), non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) and biomass allocation to the roots and shoots of 18 species of Mediterranean dwarf shrubs with different shoot-rooting and resprouting abilities. Root N and NSC concentrations of strict root-sprouters and species resprouting from the base of the stems were also compared. [Methods]: Soluble sugars (SS), starch and N concentrations were assessed in roots and shoots. The root : shoot ratio of each species was obtained by thorough root excavations. Cross-species analyses were complemented by phylogenetically independent contrasts (PICs). [Key Results]: Shoot-rooting species showed a preferential allocation of starch to shoots rather than roots as compared with non-shoot-rooting species. Resprouters displayed greater starch concentrations than non-sprouters in both shoots and roots. Trends were maintained after PICs analyses, but differences became weak when root-sprouters versus non-root-sprouters were compared. Within resprouters, strict root-sprouters showed greater root concentrations and a preferential allocation of starch to the roots than stem-sprouters. No differences were found in the root : shoot ratio of species with different rooting and resprouting abilities. [Conclusions]: The shoot-rooting ability of Mediterranean dwarf shrubs seems to depend on the preferential allocation of starch and SS to shoots, though alternative C-sources such as current photosynthates may also be involved. In contrast to plants from other mediterranean areas of the world, the resprouting ability of Mediterranean dwarf shrubs is not related to a preferential allocation of N, NSC and biomass to roots.
Description10 páginas, 4 figuras, 3 tablas.-- This study is dedicated to the memory of Dr Alberto Cruz.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcm185
Appears in Collections:(IPE) Artículos
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