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A comparison of bacterial removal efficiencies in constructed wetlands and algae-based systems

AuthorsGarcía-Antón, Mercedes; Soto, Félix; González, Juan M.; Bécares, Eloy
KeywordsConstructed wetlands
Algae pond
Faecal indicators
Removal rates
Issue Date3-Mar-2008
CitationEcological Engineering 32(3): 238-243 (2008)
AbstractConstructed wetlands and algae-based systems have been compared regarding their efficiencies on faecal bacteria removal. Two types of constructed wetlands, sub-surface (SSF) and free water surface (FWS) flow systems, and two more types of algae-based systems, high rate algae ponds (HRAP) and maturation pond (MP) have been studied for two years. All systems treated the same wastewater from a rural locality in León (northwest of Spain). Hydraulic retention time was 3 days for both wetland systems, 20 days for the maturation pond and 10 days for the high rate algae pond. Total coliforms, faecal coliforms, faecal Streptococci, Clostridium perfringens, and Staphylococci were analyzed in the influent and effluents of each system. A comparison among the wetland systems showed that SSF were more efficient than FWS system when considering surface removal rates (cfu removed/m2/d). Nevertheless, differences were not statistically significant. Considering mean removal efficiencies (in log unit), results showed that higher reductions were observed in FWS for most of the groups except for clostridia and Staphylococci. Concerning algae-based systems, MP showed higher removal efficiencies than HRAP, getting higher surface removal rates in the HRAP. Generally constructed wetlands were more efficient than algae-based systems when considering both, efficiencies in % and surface removal rates.
Description6 páginas, 4 tablas.-- El PDF es la copia personal del autor.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2007.11.012
Appears in Collections:(IPE) Artículos
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