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Title

Study of the presence of fluorine in the recycled fractions during carbothermal treatment of EAF dust

AuthorsMenad, N.; Ayala, J. Nancy; García Carcedo, Fernando CSIC; Ruiz-Ayúcar, E.; Hernández Fernández, Ángel
KeywordsFluorine
EAF dust
Issue Date2003
PublisherElsevier
CitationWaste Management 23(6): 483-491 (2003)
AbstractCarbothermal treatment tests of electric arc furnace dusts (EAFD) using the Waelz kiln process were carried out in pilot-scale for the production of zinc oxide. The association of halides in the EAFD, and the recycled products, such as zinc oxide fumes and high-grade iron contents fractions were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis. XRD reveals the presence of chlorine and fluorine in the dusts in the form of KCl, NaCl and CaF2. An ultra-pure fraction of zinc was obtained after the Double Leaching Waelz Oxide (DLWO) process was performed on the zinc oxide fumes. The halide contents were reduced to approximately 100 ppm Cl and 700 ppm F. The rest of these elements are in the form of CaF2. About 65% F is volatilised as lead and zinc fluorides, 15% is expected in the magnetic fractions and 20% in non-magnetic fractions as CaF2 and MnF2, respectively.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0956-053X(02)00151-4
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/35241
DOI10.1016/S0956-053X(02)00151-4
ISSN0956-053X
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