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Preferential in vivo action of F15599, a novel 5-HT1A receptor agonist, at postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors

AuthorsLladó-Pelfort, Laia ; Artigas, Francesc ; Celada, Pau
Keywords5-HT1A receptors
Pyramidal neurones
Prefrontal cortex
Local field potential
Issue DateAug-2010
CitationBritish Journal of Pharmacology 160(8): 1929-1940 (2010)
Abstract[Background and purpose]: F15599, a novel 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1A receptor agonist with 1000-fold selectivity for 5-HT compared with other monoamine receptors, shows antidepressant and procognitive activity at very low doses in animal models. We examined the in vivo activity of F15599 at somatodendritic autoreceptors and postsynaptic 5-HT1A heteroreceptors.
[Experimental approach]: In vivo single unit and local field potential recordings and microdialysis in the rat.
[Key results]:  F15599 increased the discharge rate of pyramidal neurones in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) from 0.2 µg·kg−1 i.v and reduced that of dorsal raphe 5-hydroxytryptaminergic neurones at doses >10-fold higher (minimal effective dose 8.2 µg·kg−1 i.v.). Both effects were reversed by the 5-HT1A antagonist (±)WAY100635. F15599 did not alter low frequency oscillations (∼1 Hz) in mPFC. In microdialysis studies, F15599 increased dopamine output in mPFC (an effect dependent on the activation of postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors) with an ED50 of 30 µg·kg−1 i.p., whereas it reduced hippocampal 5-HT release (an effect dependent exclusively on 5-HT1A autoreceptor activation) with an ED50 of 240 µg·kg−1 i.p. Likewise, application of F15599 by reverse dialysis in mPFC increased dopamine output in a concentration-dependent manner. All neurochemical responses to F15599 were prevented by administration of (±)WAY100635.
[Conclusions and implications]:  These results indicate that systemic administration of F15599 preferentially activates postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors in PFC rather than somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptors. This regional selectivity distinguishes F15599 from previously developed 5-HT1A receptor agonists, which preferentially activate somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptors, suggesting that F15599 may be particularly useful in the treatment of depression and of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00738.x
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