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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/34259
Title: Coseismic three-dimensional displacements determined using SAR data: theory and an application test
Authors: González Méndez, Pablo José; Fernández Torres, José; Camacho, Antonio G.
Keywords: DInSAR
SAR offset
3-D coseismic deformation
Nonlinear inversion
Linear inversion
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2009
Publisher: Birkhäuser Verlag
Citation: Pure and Applied Geophysics, 166 (8/9) : 1403-1424 (2009)
Abstract: We present a methodology to construct three-dimensional deformation maps using different parameters that can be extracted using SAR data. We apply the methodology using ENVISAT SAR data before and after the December 26th, 2003 Mw 6.6 Bam earthquake in Iran to determine spatial quasi-continuous three-dimensional coseismic deformation maps. Two near vertical deformation offset components are computed using Envisat ASAR differential interferometry (DInSAR), while two horizontal deformation offset components are measured using sub-pixel correlation techniques applied to ASAR amplitude images. Using the presented methodology, we combine four unevenly precise independent projections of surface coseismic deformation to obtain the full three-dimensional coseismic deformation field caused by an earthquake. The full 3-D coseismic displacement vector is modeled using elastic deformation models constraining details of the fault geometry and slip distribution at depth. Results from the inversion are interpreted in the framework of the Iranian present-day tectonism. Full exploitation of dense 3-D coseismic surface deformation using SAR data, even for moderate earthquakes, should facilitate distinguishing between different interpretations of the mechanical properties of seismically active areas and within the inherent ambiguity of the geophysical inversion solutions.
Publisher version (URL): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00024-009-0500-7
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/34259
DOI: 10.1007/s00024-009-0500-7
ISSN: 0033-4553
E-ISSN: 1420-9136
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