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Open Access item Biological consequences of oxygen desaturation and respiratory effort in an acute animal model of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Montserrat, Josep M.
|Keywords:||Obstructive apnea, Inflammation, Endothelial dysfunction, Respiratory effort, Hypoxia, Animal model|
|Citation:||Sleep Medicine 10(8): 892-897 (2009)|
|Abstract:||[Background]: An animal model mimicking all the factors involved in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is useful for investigating mechanisms because the associated comorbidity usually present in such patients is an important limitation.|
[Aim]: To test the hypothesis that hypoxia/normoxia and respiratory effort have different effects on the induction of inflammatory response and endothelial dysfunction in an acute rat model of OSA.
[Methods]: Four groups of anesthetized rats were studied (n = 8): (1) sham; (2) apnea: obstructions (15 s each, 60/h, for 3 h); (3) apnea + O2: obstructions and breathing oxygen-enriched air to avoid hypoxia and (4) intermittent hypoxia/normoxia. Inflammatory and endothelial mediators were measured as outcomes along with NF-κB in the lung and diaphragm.
[Results]: TNF-α and IL-1β significantly increased in all groups compared with sham. NF-κB in the lung was increased in apnea and hypoxia/normoxia groups, but not in apnea + O2 group. In diaphragm tissue, NF-κB was only significant in apnea compared to sham. Significant differences were found in the ratio thromboxane-B2/6-keto-Prostaglandin-F1α between apnea and hypoxia/normoxia compared to sham but not in apnea + O2.
[Conclusions]: Oxygen desaturations and respiratory efforts play a role in the induction of systemic inflammation but only hypoxia/normoxia induces endothelial dysfunction. These data suggest a potential role for oxygen therapy in patients with OSA.
|Description:||El pdf del artículo es el manuscrito de autor.|
|Publisher version (URL):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2008.09.014|
|E-ISSNmetadata.dc.identifier.doi = DOI:||1878-5506|
|Appears in Collections:||(IIBB) Artículos|
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