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Molecular Physiology of Kainate Receptors

AuthorsLerma Gómez, Juan; Paternain, Ana V.; Rodríguez-Moreno, Antonio; López-García, Juan C.
Issue DateJul-2001
PublisherAmerican Physiological Society
CitationPhysiological Reviews 81(3): 971-998 (2001)
AbstractA decade ago, our understanding of the molecular properties of kainate receptors and their involvement in synaptic physiology was essentially null. A plethora of recent studies has altered this situation profoundly such that kainate receptors are now regarded as key players in the modulation of transmitter release, as important mediators of the postsynaptic actions of glutamate, and as possible targets for the development of antiepileptic and analgesic drugs. In this review, we summarize our current knowledge of the properties of kainate receptors focusing on four key issues:1) their structural and biophysical features, 2) the important progress in their pharmacological characterization,3) their pre- and postsynaptic mechanisms of action, and4) their involvement in a series of physiological and pathological processes. Finally, although significant progress has been made toward the elucidation of their importance for brain function, kainate receptors remain largely an enigma and, therefore, we propose some new roads that should be explored to obtain a deeper understanding of this young, but intriguing, class of proteins.
Description28 páginas, 15 figuras, 3 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://physrev.physiology.org/content/81/3/971.abstract
Appears in Collections:(IC) Artículos
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