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Open Access item Role of FGFs in the control of programmed cell death during limb development

Authors:Montero, Juan Antonio
Gañán, Yolanda
Macías, D.
Rodríguez-León, Joaquín
Sanz-Ezquerro, Juan José
Merino, Ramón
Chimal-Monroy, Jesús
Nieto, M. Ángela
Hurle, M.
Keywords:Apoptosis, BMP, FGF receptors, Snail, MSX2, Syndactyly, Chick, Duck
Issue Date:1-Jun-2001
Publisher:Company of Biologists
Citation:Development 128(11): 2075-2084 (2001)
Abstract:We have investigated the role of FGFs in the control of programmed cell death during limb development by analyzing the effects of increasing and blocking FGF signaling in the avian limb bud. BMPs are currently considered as the signals responsible for cell death. Here we show that FGF signaling is also necessary for apoptosis and that the establishment of the areas of cell death is regulated by the convergence of FGF- and BMP-mediated signaling pathways. As previously demonstrated, cell death is inhibited for short intervals (12 hours) after administration of FGFs. However, this initial inhibition is followed (24 hours) by a dramatic increase in cell death, which can be abolished by treatments with a BMP antagonist (Noggin or Gremlin). Conversely, blockage of FGF signaling by applying a specific FGF-inhibitor (SU5402) into the interdigital regions inhibits both physiological cell death and that mediated by exogenous BMPs. Furthermore, FGF receptors 1, 2 and 3 are expressed in the autopodial mesoderm during the regression of the interdigital tissue, and the expression of FGFR3 in the interdigital regions is regulated by FGFs and BMPs in the same fashion as apopotosis. Together our findings indicate that, in the absence of FGF signaling BMPs are not sufficient to trigger apoptosis in the developing limb. Although we provide evidence for a positive influence of FGFs on BMP gene expression, the physiological implication of FGFs in apoptosis appears to result from their requirement for the expression of genes of the apoptotic cascade. We have identified MSX2 and Snail as candidate genes associated with apoptosis the expression of which requires the combined action of FGFs and BMPs.
Description:10 páginas, 8 figuras.
Publisher version (URL):http://dev.biologists.org/content/128/11/2075.abstract
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/32320
ISSN:0950-1991
Appears in Collections:(IC) Artículos

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