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Magnetic studies and scanning electron microscopy — X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses of road sediments, soils and vehicle-derived emissions

AutorChaparro, Marcos A. E.; Marié, Debora C.; Gogorza, Claudia S. G.; Navas Izquierdo, Ana ; Sinito, Ana M.
Palabras claveatmospheric pollution
diesel/gas soot
magnetic proxies
PM vehicle emissions
wear particles
Fecha de publicaciónoct-2010
CitaciónChaparro MAE, Marié DC, Gogorza CSG, Navas A, Sinito AM. Magnetic studies and scanning electron microscopy — X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses of road sediments, soils and vehicle-derived emissions. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica 54 (4): 633-650 (2011)
ResumenHuman health and environmental problems related to particulate matter emission from vehicles has become a topic of research interest in recent years. These airborne particles can not only be directly inhaled, but are also present as suspended and deposited particles on paved areas and roadside soils. Here we report on magnetic studies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and chemical analyses of vehicle-derived particles collected from both primary sources and as deposited particles on roads and soils. Preliminary results, recently published by the authors, have revealed that the magnetic signal of such particles is controlled by a magnetite-like phase with magnetic grain size ranging between 0.1 µm and 5 µm. An enrichment of some trace elements: Ba, Cr, Cu, Zn and Pb was also found. In this study we focus on SEM and EDS complementary studies of magnetic extracts. SEM observations showed small individual particles or spherulites, small aggregates in the form of chains or clusters, large aggregates of spherules, flake-like bodies, fibre-like particles, sheet-like particles, irregular debris and large particle agglomerates, i.e. a wide variety of shapes. Grain size distribution is also in agreement with magnetic grain size estimations. Additionally the following elements: C, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, S, K, Ca, V, Ba, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb were detected by EDS analysis.
Descripción27 Pag., 2 Tabl., 6 Fig. The definitive version is available at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/0039-3169/
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11200-010-0038-2
ISSN0039-3169 (Print)
E-ISSN1573-1626 (Online)
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