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Elephants in the archaeological sites of Aridos (Jarama valley, Madrid, Spain).

AuthorsSantonja Gómez, Manuel; Pérez-González, Alfredo; Villa, Paola; Soto, Enrique; Sesé, Carmen
KeywordsElephas (Palaeoloxodon) antiquus
Yacimiento de Áridos
Pleistoceno Medio
Issue Date2001
PublisherConsiglio nazionale delle ricerche (Italia)
CitationProceedings of the 1st International Congress: The World of Elephants. Workshop: Stone tools and elephant remains in the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic of the Iberian Peninsula. Roma, Octubre 2001: 602-606
AbstractAridos 1 and Aridos 2 are archaeological sites of similar age in the Arganda I Formation, in the Jarama river valley (Madrid). Aridos 1- in primary context within low energy floodplain deposits - presents the disarticulated remains of an adult, female specimen of Elephas antiquus, in association with Acheulean lithic artefacts. Aridos 2 yielded part of an Elephas antiquus skeleton corresponding to an adult male also associated with Acheulean stone artefacts. The remains in Aridos 2 lie on the consolidated surface of a flood-plain and were covered by river channel deposits that have partially eroded the site. Based on the Aridos 1 microfauna, these sites can be dated to isotope stages 9 or 11, with climatic conditions similar to the present.
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