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The reg4gene, amplified in the early stages of pancreatic cancer development, is a promising therapeutic target

AutorFolch-Puy, Emma ; Ferrés-Masó, Montse ; Closa, Daniel ; Iovanna, Juan Lucio
Fecha de publicación16-oct-2009
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE 4(10): e7495 (2009)
Resumen[Background]: The aim of our work was to identify the genes specifically altered in pancreatic adenocarcinoma and especially those that are altered early in cancer development.
[Methodology/Principal Findings]: Gene copy number was systematically assessed with an ultra-high resolution CGH oligonucleotide microarray in DNA from samples of pancreatic cancer. Several new cancer-associated variations were observed. In this work we focused on one of them, involving the reg4 gene. Gene copy number gain of the reg4 gene was confirmed by qPCR in 14 cancer samples. It was also found with increased copy number in most PanIN3 samples. The relationship betweena gain in reg4 gene copy number and cancer development was investigated on the human pancreatic cancer cell line Mia-PaCa2 xenografted under the skin of nude mice. When cells were transfected with a vector allowing reg4 expression, they generated tumors almost twice larger in size. In addition, these tumors were more resistant to gemcitabine treatment than control tumors. Interestingly, weekly intraperitoneal administration of a monoclonal antibody to reg4 halved the size of tumors generated by Mia-PaCa2 cells, suggesting that the antibody interfered with a paracrine/autocrine mechanism involving reg4 and stimulating cancer progression. The addition of gemcitabine resulted in further reduction, tumors becoming 5 times smaller than control. Exposure to reg4 antibody resulted in a significant decrease in intra-tumor levels of pAkt, Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, survivin and cyclin D1.
[Conclusions/Significance]: It was concluded that adjuvant therapies targeting reg4 could improve the standard treatment of pancreatic cancer with gemcitabine.
DescripciónThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.-- et al.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007495
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