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Title

How Well do Individuals Predict the Selling Prices of their Homes?

AuthorsBenitez-Silva, Hugo; Eren, Selcuk; Heiland, Frank; Jiménez-Martín, Sergi
KeywordsHousing Prices
Self-Reported Housing Values
Instrumental Variables
Sample Selection
Business cycles
Interest Rates
Health and Retirement Study
Issue Date4-Mar-2008
AbstractSelf-reported home values are widely used as a measure of housing wealth by researchers employing a variety of data sets and studying a number of different individual and household level decisions. The accuracy of this measure is an open empirical question, and requires some type of market assessment of the values reported. In this research, we study the predictive power of self-reported housing wealth when estimating sales prices utilizing the Health and Retirement Study. We find that homeowners, on average, overestimate the value of their properties by between 5% and 10%. More importantly, we are the first to document a strong correlation between accuracy and the economic conditions (measured by the prevalent interest rate, the growth of household income, and the growth of median housing prices) at the time of the purchase of the property. While most individuals overestimate the value of their properties, those who bought during more difficult economic times tend to be more accurate, and in some cases even underestimate the value of their house. This cyclicality of the overestimation of house prices can provide some explanations for the difficulties currently faced by many homeowners, who were expecting large appreciations in home value to rescue them in case of increases in interest rates which could jeopardize their ability to live up to their financial commitments.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/3146
Appears in Collections:(IAE) Informes y documentos de trabajo




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