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Effect of stoichiometry and milling processes in the synthesis and the piezoelectric properties of KNN-modified nanoparticles by solid state

AuthorsRubio Marcos, Fernando ; Romero Fanego, Juan José ; Martín-González, Marisol; Fernández Lozano, José Francisco
KeywordsPowders-solid state reaction
Piezoelectric properties
Issue Date30-Jun-2010
CitationJournal of the European Ceramic Society 30(13): 2763-2771 (2010)
AbstractNanoparticles in the system (K,Na,Li)(Nb,Ta,Sb)O3, modified KNN, were synthesized following a solid state reaction procedure. Milling of the individual carbonate and oxide raw materials was carried out before mixing of the components to optimize particle size. These mixtures were calcined at 700 ◦C for 2 h, obtaining nanoparticles with size ranging between 50 and 200 nm. The optimization of the raw materials particle size and the particle refinement of the carbonates during their decomposition play a key role in the formation of the modified KNN nanoparticles by solid state route. The obtained nanoparticles show tetragonal and orthorhombic phases coexistence that could be attributed in part to the lack of homogeneity of cations distribution confirmed by EDS analysis. The K+ cation excess on the modified KNN system produces a displacement of Li+ cations from the perovskite structure that is the origin of the stabilization of the orthorhombic symmetry. These nanoparticles are used to sintered ceramics with good piezoelectric properties without needing of anisotropic preparation methods. The sintered ceramics show resistance to hygroscopicity and deliquescence.
Description9 páginas, 10 figuras, 2 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2010.05.027
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
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