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Fate and removal of pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs in conventional and membrane bioreactor wastewater treatment plants and by riverbank filtration

AuthorsPetrovic, Mira ; López de Alda, Miren ; Díaz-Cruz, M. Silvia ; Postigo, Cristina ; Radjenovic, Jelena ; Gros, Meritxell ; Barceló, Damià
KeywordsPharmaceutically active compounds
Drugs of abuse
Conventional activated sludge treatment
Membrane bioreactor
River bank filtration
Issue Date13-Oct-2009
PublisherRoyal Society (Great Britain)
CitationPhilosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences 367(1904):3979-4003 (2009)
AbstractPharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) and drugs of abuse (DAs) are two important groups of emerging environmental contaminants that have raised an increasing interest in the scientific community. A number of studies revealed their presence in the environment. This is mainly due to the fact that some compounds are not efficiently removed during wastewater treatment processes, being able to reach surface and groundwater and subsequently, drinking waters. This paper reviews the data regarding the levels of pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs detected in wastewaters and gives an overview of their removal by conventional treatment technologies (applying activated sludge) as well as advanced treatments such as membrane bioreactor. The paper also gives an overview of bank filtration practices at managed aquifer recharge sites and discusses the potential of this approach to mitigate the contamination by PhACs and DAs.
Description26 pages, 3 tables, 3 figures.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2009.0105
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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