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Response of maize yield, nitrate leaching, and soil nitrogen to pig slurry combined with mineral nitrogen

AuthorsYagüe Carrasco, María Rosa ; Quílez Sáez de Viteri, Dolores
Issue DateMar-2010
PublisherAmerican Society of Agronomy
CitationYagüe MR, Quílez D. Response of maize yield, nitrate leaching, and soil nitrogen to pig slurry combined with mineral nitrogen. Journal of Environmental Quality 39: 686-696 (2010)
AbstractThe application of pig (Sus scrofa) slurry (PS) is a common fertilization practice that may affect nitrate concentrations and loads in drainage and receiving water bodies. To protect water resources, many agricultural areas are being designated as vulnerable to nitrate contamination, and there is a need for scientific data aiming at reducing nitrate exports from these vulnerable zones by optimizing N fertilization strategies. The objective of this work, conducted in drainage lysimeters in a 4-yr monoculture maize (Zea mays L.) crop, is to assess the effects of four fertilization strategies combining PS (30, 60, 90, and 120 t ha−1) and mineral N on yield, changes in soil mineral N, and concentration and mass of nitrate in drainage waters. Grain yield was not affected by treatments in the four experimental years, nor was the soil mineral N at the end of the experiment. Effects of fertilization strategies on nitrate concentration and mass in drainage waters were detected only after 3 yr of repeated PS applications. The mass of nitrate leached over the 4 yr was positively related to the total amount of N applied, either organic or mineral. In year 2003, precipitation in spring reduced N availability for the crop in treatments with rates ≥ 60 t PS ha−1. The N-budget revealed that the transport pathways for 25% of N inputs to the system are unknown. The presowing application of pig slurry at 30 t ha−1 complemented with mineral N at side-dressing, was the most efficient from an environmental standpoint (4-yr average of 145 kg grain yield kg−1 N leached).
Description14 Pag., 7 Tabl., 3 Fig.
Publisher version (URL)https://www.agronomy.org/publications/jeq/pdfs/39/2/686
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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