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Title

Giant gas bubbles in a rheomorphic vent fill at the Las Cañadas caldera, Tenerife (Canary Islands)

AuthorsSoriano, Carles ; Giordano, Daniele ; Galindo, I.; Hürlimann, Marcel; Ardia, Paola
KeywordsVolcanic vent
Rheomorphism
Viscosity
Shear stress
Issue DateApr-2009
PublisherSpringer
CitationBulletin of Volcanology 71(8):919–932 (2009)
AbstractDuring rheomorphism subsequent to fallout deposition, a portion of the densely welded fallout of the La Grieta Member flowed back into the vent from where it was erupted, while the rest of it flowed down the outer slopes of the Las Cañadas caldera in Tenerife. The welded fallout and conduit-vent structure are physically connected and constitute a rare example of this type of deposits rooted to its feeder conduit and exposed in the caldera wall. The lower part of the vent-filling rheomorphic rocks shows gas bubbles and cavities that increase in size (up to 4 m) down vent. Bubbles are deformed against other bubbles, against the steep vent walls, flattened parallel to the flow foliation planes, and elongated parallel to the flow lineation and flow fold axes. The preservation of such giant bubbles, rather than their formation, seems to be a pretty unique feature of the phonolitic products investigated here and it is likely the result of the combination of factors that acted to preserve, in the surrounding of the glass transition interval, the sealing and the late stage cooling of a pressurized system. In addition, strain drop at the base of the vent-filling rheomorphic flow caused by flow stopping against vertical vent walls may have promoted rapid gas exsolution and the formation of large bubbles.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.springerlink.com/content/n38753278h205128/
URI10261/27534
DOI10.1007/s00445-009-0275-9
ISSN0258-8900
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Artículos
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