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Title

Analysis and dynamics of the chromosomal complements of wild sparkling-wine yeast strains

AuthorsNadal, Dolors; Carro, David; Fernández-Larrea, Juan; Piña, Benjamín
Issue DateApr-1999
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 65(4): 1688–1695 (1999)
AbstractWe isolated Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strains that are able to carry out the second fermentation of sparkling wine from spontaneously fermenting musts in El Penedès (Spain) by specifically designed selection protocols. All of them (26 strains) showed one of two very similar mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction patterns, whereas their karyotypes differed. These strains showed high rates of karyotype instability, which were dependent on both the medium and the strain, during vegetative growth. In all cases, the mtDNA restriction pattern was conserved in strains kept under the same conditions. Analysis of different repetitive sequences in their genomes suggested that ribosomal DNA repeats play an important role in the changes in size observed in chromosome XII, whereas SUC genes or Ty elements did not show amplification or transposition processes that could be related to rearrangements of the chromosomes showing these sequences. Karyotype changes also occurred in monosporidic diploid derivatives. We propose that these changes originated mainly from ectopic recombination between repeated sequences interspersed in the genome. None of the rearranged karyotypes provided a selective advantage strong enough to allow the strains to displace the parental strains. The nature and frequency of these changes suggest that they may play an important role in the establishment and maintenance of the genetic diversity observed in S. cerevisiae wild populations.
Description8 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 10103269 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC91239
Publisher version (URL)http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/65/4/1688?view=long&pmid=10103269
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/26375
ISSN0099-2240
E-ISSN1098-5336
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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