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Combined effects of retinoic acid and histone deacetylase inhibitors on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells

AuthorsSantos, Maxy de los; Zambrano, Alberto ; Aranda, Ana
Issue DateApr-2007
PublisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research
CitationMolecular Cancer Therapeutics 6(4): 1425-1432 (2007)
AbstractAll-trans retinoic acid (RA) causes differentiation of neuroblastoma cells, and retinoids have been used in clinical trials in children with advanced neuroblastoma. Combination of RA with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) could result in improved antitumorigenic activity. We have examined the effect of the HDACi trichostatin A (TSA), sodium butyrate, and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), alone and in combination with RA in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. At concentrations that cause sustained increase of histone H3 acetylation, HDACi produced extensive apoptotic cell death as shown by flow cytometry analysis and induction of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase proteolysis. HDACi inhibited SH-SY5Y cell growth at a much larger extent than RA. This compound did not cause apoptosis and did not further increase HDACi-mediated cell death. In contrast, both types of drugs cooperated to inhibit cell growth, although synergistic effects were not found. In surviving cells, HDACi repressed cyclin D1 expression and increased the cyclin kinase inhibitors (CKI) p21(Waf1/Cip1) and p27(Kip1). Cyclin D1 was not affected by RA, but this retinoid also increased CKI levels. Induction of p21(Waf1/Cip1) and p27(Kip1) by HDACi was further enhanced in the presence of RA. This effect seems to be at least partially due to transcriptional stimulation of CKI gene expression because both types of drugs cooperated to increase CKI mRNA levels and to activate the CKI promoters in transient transfection assays. These results show the strong antitumorigenic effects of HDACi in neuroblastoma cells and reinforce the idea that combination therapy could be useful to inhibit tumor growth.
Description8 pages, 7 figures.-- El pdf del artículo es la versión post-print.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-06-0623
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