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The spot 14 protein inhibits growth and induces differentiation and cell death of human MCF-7 breast cancer cells

AuthorsSánchez-Rodíguez, Jinny; Kaninda, John P.; Santos, Ángel; Pérez Castillo, Ana
Breast Cancer
Lipid accumulation
Spot 14
Issue Date15-Aug-2005
PublisherPortland Press
CitationBiochemical Journal 390(1): 57-65 (2005)
AbstractThe S14 (spot 14) gene encodes a protein that is predominantly expressed in lipogenic tissues, such as the liver, white and brown adipose tissues and the lactating mammary glands. Accumulated evidence suggests that S14 could play an important role in the induction of lipogenic enzymes. In humans, the S14 locus resides in the chromosome region 11q13, which is frequently amplified in breast tumours, and as a result, it has been suggested that this protein could play a role in the metabolism and growth of these kinds of tumours. In the present study, we have examined the effects of S14 overexpression in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. We found that S14 causes (i) an inhibition of cell proliferation and of anchorage-independent growth, (ii) a marked reduction in the number of viable cells and (iii) the induction of differentiation and cell death of these cells. The inhibition of cell growth was associated with a decrease in the expression of cyclin D1 and a reduction of cyclin D1 promoter activity. Increased expression of S14 also caused the accumulation of cytochrome c in the cytosol and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. These findings suggest that S14 may function as an important modulator of tumorigenesis in human breast by decreasing cell growth and inducing cell death and differentiation.
Description9 pages, 11 figures.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.biochemj.org/bj/390/0057/bj3900057.htm
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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