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Reactive oxygen species mediate the down-regulation of mitochondrial transcripts and proteins by tumour necrosis factor-a in L929 cells

AuthorsSánchez-Alcázar, José Antonio ; Bornstein, Belén ; Arenas, Joaquín; Garesse, Rafael ; Navas, Plácido
KeywordsATPase 6-8
Free radical
Mitochondrial transcript
Tumour necrosis factor a (TNF-a)
Issue DateMar-2003
PublisherPortland Press
CitationBiochemical Journal 370(2): 609-619 (2003)
AbstractIn this study, we show that reactive oxygen species production induced by tumour necrosis factor a (TNF-a) in L929 cells was associated with a decrease in the steady-state mRNA levels of the mitochondrial transcript ATPase 6-8. Simultaneously, the transcript levels of two nuclear-encoded glycolytic enzymes, glyceraldehyde- 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and phosphofructokinase, were increased. These changes were associated with decreased protein levels of the ATPase subunit a (encoded by the mitochondrial ATPase 6 gene) and cytochrome c oxidase subunit II, and increased protein levels of phosphofructokinase. Since TNF-a had no effect on the amount of mitochondrial DNA, the results suggested that TNF-a acted at the transcriptional and/or post-transcriptional level. Reactive oxygen species scavengers, such as butylated hydroxianisole and butylated hydroxytoluene, blocked the production of free radicals, prevented the down-regulation of ATPase 6-8 transcripts, preserved the protein levels of ATPase subunit a and cytochrome c oxidase subunit II, and attenuated the cytotoxic response to TNF-a, indicating a direct link between these two phenomena.
Description11 pages, 10 figures.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.biochemj.org/bj/370/0609/bj3700609.htm
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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