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Differential effects of triiodothyronine and the thyroid hormone receptor ß-Specific agonist GC-1 on thyroid hormone target genes in the brain

AuthorsManzano, Jimena; Morte, Beatriz ; Scanlan, Thomas S.; Bernal, Juan
Issue DateDec-2003
PublisherEndocrine Society
CitationEndocrinology 144(12): 5480-5487 (2003)
AbstractThe availability of synthetic thyroid hormone receptor agonists provides a valuable tool to analyze whether specific receptor isoforms mediate specific physiological responses to thyroid hormone. GC-1 is a thyroid hormone analog displaying selectivity for thyroid hormone receptor ß. We have analyzed the effect of GC-1 on expression of thyroid hormone target genes in the cerebrum and cerebellum. Congenitally hypothyroid rats were treated with single daily doses of either T3 or GC-1. Both compounds similarly induced Purkinje cell protein-2 (PCP-2) in the cerebellum. Expression of RC3 and Rhes in the caudate, and hairless, neurotrophin-3, Reelin, and Rev-ErbA{alpha} in the cerebellum, was analyzed by in situ hybridization on postnatal d 16. Hypothyroidism strongly decreased expression of RC3 and Rhes in the caudate, and hairless, Rev-ErbA{alpha}, and neurotrophin-3 in the cerebellum, and increased Reelin. T3 treatment normalized the expression of all genes. However, GC-1 effectively normalized expression of Rhes and Reelin only. The lack of a GC-1 effect on most cerebellar genes can be explained by the known distribution of thyroid hormone receptor {alpha} and ß isoforms. However, in the caudate, RC3 and Rhes are expressed in the same cells, and therefore, they may represent specific gene responses linked to specific thyroid hormone receptor isoforms.
Description8 pages, 5 figures, 1 table.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.2003-0633
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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