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Soil Mineralogy of Mangrove Forests from the State of Sao Paulo, Southeastern Brazil

AuthorsSouza Júnior, Valdomiro Severino de; Vidal Torrado, Pablo; García-González, M. T. ; Otero, Xosé Luis; Macias, Felipe
KeywordsCaranguejo Island IGUA
Itapanhau River ITA
Pai Maros Island PM
Escuro River RE
Fazenda River RF
X-ray diffraction XRD
Issue Date2008
CitationSoil Science Society of America Journal 72(3):848-857 (2008)
AbstractThe minerals of the clay fraction in estuarine plains are mainly detrital, being a mixture of marine and continental sediments, but can also be authigenic. Because of the importance of mangrove ecosystems in tropical estuarine areas and the relatively few existing studies of the mineralogical composition of soils in these environments, the aim of this study was to determine the mineralogical assemblage and identify potential contrasts along the coast of the State of São Paulo. Soils from 11 mangroves distributed along the coastal plain of the State of São Paulo were sampled at depths of 0 to 20 and 60 to 80 cm, and samples of suspended sediments from the Ribeira do Iguape River were collected for analysis. Mineralogical analyses were performed on the clay and silt fractions by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy, and fresh soil samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy– energy dispersive spectrometry and suspended sediments by XRD. The silt fraction contained quartz, feldspars, gibbsite, kaolinite, illite, and vermiculite, and the clay fraction contained smectite, kaolinite, illite, gibbsite, quartz, and feldspars. Locally, vermiculite, biotite, anatase, halloysite, and goethite may occur because of recent transport of sediments to the system. Pyrite was identifi ed in fresh samples. The allochthonous minerals found either were terrestrial and transported by rivers or had originated from the continental platform by past transgressive events. We suggest that the neoformation of smectite and kaolinite occurs in mangrove soils. Different geomorphological settings along the São Paulo coast appear to regulate mineral distribution in mangrove soils.
Description10 pages, figures, and tables statistics.
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