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Title

Postnatal selective suppression of lipoprotein lipase gene expression in brown adipose tissue (relative to the expression of the gene for the uncoupling protein) is not due to adrenergic insensitivity: a possible specific inhibitory effect of colostrum

AuthorsObregón, María Jesús; Cannon, Barbara; Nedergaard, Jan
Issue Date15-Feb-1996
PublisherPortland Press
Biochemical Society
CitationBiochemical Journal 314(1): 261-267 (1996)
AbstractThe levels of mRNA coding for the uncoupling protein (UCP) and for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) were monitored in the brown adipose tissue of newborn rat pups. At 5 h after birth, the mRNA levels of UCP and LPL were high in pups exposed singly to 28 degrees C and low in pups kept singly at thermoneutrality (36 degrees C); in pups staying with the dam, the UCP mRNA levels were intermediate. However, the LPL mRNA levels were lower in pups staying with the dam than in pups at 36 degrees C, implying that factors additional to environmental temperature influenced LPL gene expression. Injection of noradrenaline into pups at thermoneutrality (36 degrees C) led to increases in UCP and LPL gene expression, but noradrenaline injections had no further effect in cold-exposed pups. The adrenergic effects were mediated via beta-adrenergic receptors. The cold-induced increases in both UCP and LPL gene expression were abolished by the beta-adrenergic antagonist propranolol. Thus differences in adrenergic responsiveness could not explain the differential expression of the UCP and LPL genes observed in pups staying with the dam. The presence of a physiological suppressor was examined by feeding single pups at 28 degrees C with different foods: nothing, water, Intralipid, cow's milk, rat milk and rat colostrum. None of these agents led to suppression of UCP gene expression, but colostrum led to a selective suppression of LPL gene expression. It was concluded that the genes for UCP and LPL were responsive to adrenergic stimuli immediately after birth, and it is suggested that a component of rat colostrum can selectively suppress LPL gene expression.
Description7 pages, 2 figures, 4 tables.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.biochemj.org/bj/314/0261/bj3140261.htm
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/23928
ISSN0264-6021
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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