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Differential expression pattern of S-adenosylmethionine synthetase isoenzymes during rat liver development

AuthorsGil, Beatriz; Casado, Marta ; Pajares, María A. ; Boscá, Lisardo ; Mato, José M.; Martín-Sanz, Paloma ; Álvarez, Luis
Issue DateSep-1996
CitationHepatology 24(4): 876-881 (1996)
AbstractThe pattern of expression of liver-specific and extrahepatic S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) synthetase in developing rat liver was established by determining steady-state levels of the respective messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and protein content. Levels of liver-specific SAM synthetase mRNA increased progressively from day 20 of gestation, increased 10-fold immediately after birth, and reached a peak at 10 days of age, decreasing slightly by adulthood. Conversely, mRNA levels of extrahepatic isoenzyme decreased toward birth, increased threefold in the newborn, and decreased further in the postnatal life, reaching a minimum in the adult. Similar expression profiles were observed in isolated hepatocytes, indicating that both mRNAs are differentially regulated in the same cell type. Western blot analysis showed that levels of immunoreactive liver-specific isoenzyme followed a trend similar to the mRNA, indicating that developmental regulation of this enzyme is mediated at the mRNA level. Developmental patterns of expression of albumin and -fetoprotein (AFP) mRNAs were closely related to those for liver-specific and extrahepatic isoenzymes, respectively. Therefore, it is suggested that liver-specific SAM synthetase may be a marker for hepatocyte differentiation. Incubation of primary cultures of hepatocytes from 21-day-old fetuses with permeant cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) analogues elicited an up-regulation of the mRNA for the liver-specific isoenzyme with a concomitant down-regulation of the extrahepatic message, suggesting a physiological role for the increased postnatal glucagonemia in the control of this isoenzyme switching. In contrast with the isoenzyme expression profiles, the levels of SAM, the product of SAM synthetase reaction, were determined to be greater during gestation than in immediate postnatal periods. These results indicate that synthesis and utilization of SAM may be regulated differentially in fetal and adult hepatocytes.
Description6 pages, 5 figures.-- Published Online: 30 Dec. 2003.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.510240420
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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