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Potential use of gypsum and lime rich industrial by-products for induced reduction of Pb. Zn and Ni leachability in an acid soil

AutorRodríguez Jordá, M. P.; Garrido, Fernando ; García-González, M.T.
Palabras claveIndustrial by-products
In situ remediation
Toxic elements
Metal leachability
Fecha de publicación2010
CitaciónJournal of Hazardous Materials 175: 762-769 (2010)
ResumenThis study evaluates the potential use of four industrial by-products (phosphogypsum (PG), red gypsum (RG), sugar foam (SF), and ashes from biomass combustion (ACB)), applied at two rates in single and combined amendments to reduce the mobility and availability of Pb, Zn and Ni in a metal-spiked acid soil. Leaching experiments were done to estimate leachability indexes and assess their effectiveness. Most of the treatments significantly reduced the metal leachability although only a few were effective for all metals. Based on principal component and cluster analysis, sugar foam (SF) and a mixture of RG and ACB (RG+ACB), both applied at high rate, were selected as first choices to reduce mobility and availability of the three metals. Metal sorption mechanisms involved in the reduction of their leachability were identified using scanning electron microscopy. In the SF-treated samples, the metals were found associated to amorphous Al-hydroxy polymers deposited on phyllosilicates and organic matter particles. In the (RG+ACB)-treated samples, Pb, Zn, and traces of Ni were found associated to Fe/Ti oxide phases with a significant concentration of S, suggesting the formation of metal-sulfate ternary complexes.
Descripción8 pages, figures, and tables statistics.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.074
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