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Concentrations, sources and geochemistry of airborne particulate matter at a major European airport

AuthorsAmato, Fulvio ; Moreno, Teresa ; Pandolfi, Marco ; Querol, Xavier ; Alastuey, Andrés ; Delgado, Ana; Pedrero, Manuel; Cots, Nuria
Issue Date15-Feb-2010
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationJournal of Environmental Monitoring 12: 854-862 (2010)
AbstractMonitoring of aerosol particle concentrations (PM10, PM2.5, PM1) and chemical analysis (PM10) was undertaken at a major European airport (El Prat, Barcelona) for a whole month during autumn 2007. Concentrations of airborne PM at the airport were close to those at road traffic hotspots in the nearby Barcelona city, with means measuring 48 g PM10/m3, 21 g PM2.5/m3 and 17 g PM1/m3. Meteorological controls on PM at El Prat are identified as cleansing daytime sea breezes with abundant coarse salt particles, alternating with nocturnal land-sourced winds which channel air polluted by industry and traffic (PM1/PM10 ratios > 0.5) SE down the Llobregat Valley. Chemical analyses of the PM10 samples show that crustal PM is dominant (38% of PM10), followed by total carbon (OC + EC, 25%), secondary inorganic aerosols (SIA, 20%), and sea salt (6%). Local construction work for a new airport terminal was an important contributor to PM10 crustal levels. Source apportionment modelling PCA-MLRA identifies five factors: industrial/traffic, crustal, sea salt, SIA, and K+ likely derived from agricultural biomass burning. Whereas most of the atmospheric contamination concerning ambient air PM10 levels at El Prat is not attributable directly to aircraft movement, levels of carbon are unusually high (especially organic carbon), as are metals possibly sourced from tyre detritus/smoke in runway dust (Ba, Zn, Mo) and from brake dust in ambient PM10 (Cu, Sb), especially when the airport is at its most busy. We identify microflakes of aluminous alloys in ambient PM10 filters derived from corroded fuselage and wings as an unequivocal and highly distinctive tracer for aircraft movement.
Description9 pages, 9 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 20383366 [PubMed]
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b925439k
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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