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Structural results for La Palma island using 3-D gravity inversion

AuthorsCamacho, Antonio G. ; Fernández Torres, José ; González Méndez, Pablo José ; Rundle, J. B.; Prieto, Juan Francisco; Arjona, Alicia
Keywordsgravity inversion
La Palma Island
crustal structure
Gravity anomalies
Exploration Geophysics
Mathematical Geophysics
Inverse theory
Structural Geology
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
CitationJournal of Geophysical Research, 2009, 114, B05411
AbstractA recent gravity survey composed of 317 bench marks all over the island of La Palma (Canary Islands) is used, in combination with satellite data for regional aspects, to obtain results about structural properties of the island connected with the tectonic environment and local volcanism. To that end, a nonlinear three-dimensional gravity inversion approach is considered. The inversion scheme provides, in a nonsubjective form, the geometry of the anomalous bodies constructed in a random growth process. Results from the inversion can be interpreted in the framework of the geologic evolution of this ocean island volcano as a complex composite volcano with a large central body with high-density corresponding to the older intrusive part of the basalt complex. New unexpected features are enlightened, such as large thermal anomalies in the upper mantle southward of La Palma, as well as fracture en echelon zones associable to a slow active process of dislocation related to the recent volcanism in the southern half of the island. The results obtained for La Palma as a test site testify to the usefulness of the developed gravity inversion methodology for structural studies on islands in general.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008JB005628
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