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Open Access item Bifidobacteria inhibit the inflammatory response induced by gliadins in intestinal epithelial cells via modifications of toxic peptide generation during digestion

Authors:Laparra, José Moisés
Sanz, Yolanda
Keywords:Celiac disease, Gliadin, Bifidobacterium, Caco-2, Cytokines
Issue Date:5-Jan-2010
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons
Citation:Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 109 (4): 801-807 (2010)
Abstract:Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic enteropathy triggered by intake of gliadin, the toxic component of gluten. This study aims at evaluating the capacity of different Bifidobacterium strains to counteract the inflammatory effects of gliadin-derived peptides in intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells. A commercial extract of several gliadin (Gld) types (α,β,γ,ω) was subjected to in vitro gastrointestinal digestion (pepsin at pH 3, pancreatin-bile at pH 6), inoculated or not with cell suspensions (108 colony forming units/ml) of either B. animalis IATA-A2, B. longum IATA-ES1, or B. bifidum IATA-ES2, in a bicameral system. The generated gliadin-derived peptides were identified by reverse phase-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Caco-2 cell cultures were exposed to the different gliadin peptide digestions (0.25 mg protein/ml), and the mRNA expression of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF- κB), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and chemokine CXCR3 receptor were analyzed by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in stimulated cells. The production of the pro-inflammatory markers NF-κB p50, TNF-α, and IL-1β (interleukine 1β) by Caco-2 cells was also determined by ELISA. The peptides from gliadin digestions inoculated with bifidobacteria did not exhibit the toxic amino acid sequences identified in those noninoculated (α/β-Gld [158-164] and α/β-Gld [122-141]). The RT-PCR analysis evidenced a down-regulation in mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory biomarkers. Consistent with these results the production of NF-κB, TNF-α, and IL-1β was reduced (18.2-22.4%, 28.0-64.8%, and abolished, respectively) in cell cultures exposed to gliadin digestions inoculated with bifidobacteria. Therefore, bifidobacteria change the gliadin-derived peptide pattern and, thereby, attenuate their pro-inflammatory effects on Caco-2 cells
Description:8 pages, 3 figures, 1 table.-- Print version published: 1 March 2010.-- The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.22459
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/22670
ISSN:0730-2312
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Appears in Collections:(IATA) Artículos

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