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Crystal nucleation and growth in glasses from inorganic wastes from urban incineration

AuthorsRomero, Maximina; Rawlings, Rees D.; Rincón López, Jesús María
Fly ash
Issue Date2000
CitationJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids 271(1-2): 106-118 (2000)
AbstractThis paper reports the results of a study of the feasibility of recycling the fly ashes from domiciliary waste incineration by producing glasses and glass-ceramics. The major components of the fly ashes, TYSELEY (F+L) and TYSELEY (F), which were from a British domiciliary incinerator, were CaO, SiO2 and Al2O3 but nucleating agents, such as TiO2¬¬, P¬2O¬5 and Fe2O¬3, were also present in reasonable amounts. TYSELEY (F + L) was similar to a waste (TIRME F + L) studied previously by the authors and hence glass and glass-ceramic development concentrated on TYSELEY (F). It was found that a glass (designated TYS100) of suitable viscosity could be obtained from the waste without the need for any additives. The properties of this glass were similar to those of other glasses made from incinerator waste. The heat treatment required to crystallise the TYS100 glass was nucleation at 560°C for 55 minutes followed by crystal growth at 1050°C for 15 minutes. The main crystalline phase in the resulting glass-ceramic was akermanite (Ca2MgSi2O7) with some TiO and TiSi2 forming in the later stages of heat treatment. The akermanite existed in a thin surface layer and also as spherulites in the bulk; the TiO and TiSi2 crystals were associated with the spherulites. The mechanical properties and erosion resistance were superior to the glass and acceptable for applications such as tiles for the building industry and those requiring erosion resistance.
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