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Temperature Shapes Ecological Dynamics in Mixed Culture Fermentations Driven by Two Species of the Saccharomyces Genus

AuthorsBalsa-Canto, Eva ; Alonso-del-Real, Javier; Querol, Amparo
KeywordsMixed culture fermentations
Ecological modeling
Issue Date21-Aug-2020
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 8: 915 (2020)
AbstractMixed culture wine fermentations combining species within the Saccharomyces genus have the potential to produce new market tailored wines. They may also contribute to alleviating the effects of climate change in winemaking. Species, such as S. kudriavzevii, show good fermentative properties at low temperatures and produce wines with lower alcohol content, higher glycerol amounts and good aroma. However, the design of mixed culture fermentations combining S. cerevisiae and S. kudriavzevii species requires investigating their ecological interactions under cold temperature regimes. Here, we derived the first ecological model to predict individual and mixed yeast dynamics in cold fermentations. The optimal model combines the Gilpin-Ayala modification to the Lotka-Volterra competitive model with saturable competition and secondary models that account for the role of temperature. The nullcline analysis of the proposed model revealed how temperature shapes ecological dynamics in mixed co-inoculated cold fermentations. For this particular medium and species, successful mixed cultures can be achieved only at specific temperature ranges or by sequential inoculation. The proposed ecological model can be calibrated for different species and provide valuable insights into the functioning of alternative mixed wine fermentations.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2020.00915
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