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Heterogeneous structure of poly(vinyl chloride) as the origin of anomalous dynamical behavior

AuthorsArbe, Arantxa ; Moral, A.; Alegría, Ángel ; Colmenero de León, Juan ; Richter, Dieter; Farago, B.; Frick, Bernhard
Issue Date15-Jul-2002
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
CitationJournal of Chemical Physics 117(3): 1336 (2002)
AbstractWe have investigated the thermal evolution of the structure and the dynamics of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) in a wide temperature range. Corroborating earlier findings, small angle neutron scattering revealed the presence of structural heterogeneities. On the other hand, the single chain form factor corresponds to that of Gaussian chains. Gradually with increasing temperature the system becomes homogeneous. A simple description of the heterogeneities in terms of microcrystallites is forwarded. The dynamical behavior of PVC has been investigated combining broadband dielectric spectroscopy (DS) with coherent and incoherent neutron scattering. In a wide temperature range broadband DS facilitated a precise determination of the dynamic response related to the segmental relaxation. Close to the glass transition temperature the line shape strongly deviates from the usual Kohlrausch–Williams–Watts functional form of common glassforming systems. Moreover, the characteristic relaxation time observed by incoherent scattering displays an anomalous dependence on momentum transfer indicating the possible existence of heterogeneities in the sample. Based on the structural and dynamical results, a model is proposed, that considers the coexistence of regions with different dynamical properties leading to a distribution of characteristic relaxation times. The model accounts for the experimental observations, assuming for all regions the same functional form for the -relaxation. It may be univocally determined from the coherent scattering data at the first static structure peak. The distribution of relaxation times found is compatible with the distribution of only one variable, the glass transition temperature.
Description15 pages, 15 figures, 2 tables.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1485283
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