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Heteroacoagulation of lignocellulose fibers-based biotemplates and functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles to tailor film microstructures

AuthorsGonzález Granados, Zoilo ; Yus, Joaquín; Bravo, Yessica; Sánchez Herencia, Antonio Javier; Rodríguez, Alejandro ; Dewalque, Jennifer; Manceriu, Laura; Henrist, Catherine; Ferrari-Fernández, Begoña
KeywordsLignocellulose exploitation
Film microstructures
Issue Date2020
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationCellulose (2020)
Abstract[EN] The heterocoagulation of lignocellulose nanofibers (LCNFs) with functionalized TiO nanoparticles (NPs) is presented as an innovative revalorization strategy for the exploitation of lignocellulose wastes. Their use as bio-templates could be considered a promising alternative in a current biorefinery scheme, since the massive production of porous materials in numerous nanotechnological applications, could offer new alternatives of exploitation. The surface modification of TiO NPs by adsorption of polyetilenimine (PEI) favors its anchorage with LCNFs through a peptide bond during heterocoagulation in aqueous suspension. The functionalization of LCNFs with TiO NPs results in organic–inorganic core–shell nanostructures, used to shape coatings by dipping, and sinter them at low temperature (450 °C). In this process, the LCNFs were used as endo-templates for shaping stable porous coatings, when they burn during the consolidation of the inorganic structure. In this work, the successful inclusion and homogeneous distribution of biomaterials (LCNF templates) in the semiconductor inorganic microstructure is discussed in terms of dye loading (by UV–Visible Spectroscopy), photovoltaic efficiency and charge transfer (by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, EIS) in a Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC). Results confirm that the TiO/template network yielded better photoefficiency and electron transport properties than mesoporous films assembled only from TiO NPs. The preparation of TiO-based photoanodes with enhanced performance (with an efficiency value around 6%, for a thickness of 8.7 µm) allows validating the successful colloidal procedure herein employed.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03297-1
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s10570-020-03297-1
e-issn: 1572-882X
issn: 0969-0239
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