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K-scrambling in a near-symmetric top molecule containing an excited noncoaxial internal rotor

AuthorsOrtigoso, Juan ; Hougen, Jon T.
KeywordsRotational states
Wave functions
Issue Date15-Jun-2000
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
CitationJournal of Chemical Physics 112(23): 10212 (2000)
AbstractClassical trajectories on rotational energy surfaces and coherent-state quantum projections have been used to study an asymmetric-top molecule containing a freely rotating internal symmetric top whose symmetry axis is not coincident with a principal axis of the molecule. Stationary points on the rotational energy surface, which strongly influence the trajectories, increase in number from two to four to six as J/n increases from zero to infinity (where J is the total and n is the free-internal-rotor angular momentum). For some J/n values trajectories can arise that sample a large fraction of K values (where K is the z-axis projection of J), corresponding in quantum wave functions to extensive K mixing in the symmetric-top basis set |J,K. When such mixing cannot be made small for any choice of z axis, we call it K scrambling. For typical values of the torsion–rotation coupling parameter , rotational eigenfunctions for a given J and torsional state turn out to be quite different from eigenfunctions for the same J in some other torsional state. Nonzero rotational overlap integrals are then distributed among many rotational functions for each (n,n) pair, which may, in turn, contribute to internal rotation enhancement of intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution. We have also examined near-free-rotor levels of our test molecule acetaldehyde, which arise for excitation of ten or more quanta of methyl group torsion, and find that barrier effects do not change the qualitative picture obtained from the free-rotor treatment.
Description9 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables.-- PACS: 34.30.+h; 33.15.Mt; 33.15.Hp
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.481663
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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