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Numerical simulation of two-dimensional nonlinear standing acoustic waves

AuthorsVanhille, Christian; Campos-Pozuelo, Cleofé
KeywordsConservation laws
Differential equations
Finite difference time-domain analysis
Nonlinear acoustics
Issue DateJul-2004
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
CitationJournal Acoustical Society of America 116(1): 194-200 (2004)
AbstractIn this paper the behavior of strongly nonlinear waves in two-dimensional resonators filled with thermoviscous fluid is studied. For this purpose a set of differential equations, written in Lagrangian coordinates, is proposed and a time-domain numerical scheme is developed for solving them. Full nonlinear equations are derived from the conservation laws and state equation by assuming an irrotational fluid. Auxiliary conditions are written by considering a rigid-walled cavity, excitation at some points of the boundary, and rest at the outset. Finite differences are applied in the space and time domains, and lead to an implicit scheme. The numerical model solves the problem in terms of displacement vector field. The pressure field is then obtained from the displacement values. The algorithm allows us to analyze the evolution of the behavior of complex standing waves. The nonlinear characteristics of standing waves, well known in one-dimensional chambers, are now apparent in two-dimensional resonators by means of this new computational model. Some numerical experiments are carried out, a validation of the model is achieved, and results are given at a complex mode for which plane wave approximation is not appropriate. Several aspects of the nonlinear pressure field inside two-dimensional resonators are presented, such as harmonic distortion and nonlinear attenuation effects. In particular the quasi-standing character of such waves is detected and described. The effect of redistribution of rms pressure inside a two-dimensional cavity is commented.
Description7 pages.-- PACS: 43.25Gf
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