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A comparison of TEQ contributions from PCDDs, PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs in sewage sludges from Catalonia, Spain

AuthorsEljarrat, Ethel ; Caixach Gamisans, Josep ; Rivera Aranda, Josep
Sewage sludge
Issue DateMay-2003
CitationChemosphere 51(7): 595-601 (2003)
AbstractEight sewage sludges from rural, urban and industrial wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Catalonia (Spain) were analysed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and biphenyls (PCBs) to determine the present levels of contamination. A method based on an automated cleanup system followed by an isotope-dilution high-resolution mass spectrometric analysis was employed. Total toxicity equivalent (WHO-TEQ) values were calculated using the toxicity equivalent factors (WHO-TEFs) proposed by WHO for dioxin-like PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs. The WHO-TEQPCDD/F values for these samples ranged from 4.9 to 20.8 pg/g dry weight (d.w.), with a mean value of 9.3 pg/g d.w., whereas WHO-TEQPCB levels ranged between 1.9 and 6.6 pg/g d.w., with a mean value of 4.2 pg/g d.w. The WHO-TEQPCB contribution varied from 13% to 50%, suggesting that PCB contribution on the toxicity of the samples must be taken into account. Moreover, these contemporary PCDD, PCDF and PCB concentrations were compared with previous data obtained from sewage sludge samples collected during the 80s. Our findings show that contemporary PCDD, PCDF and PCB levels have declined since the 80s.
Description7 pages, 1 figure, 3 tables.-- PMID: 12615114 [PubMed].-- Printed version published May 2003.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00785-3
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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