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Evolutionary structural and functional conservation of an ortholog of the GLUT2 glucose transporter gene (SLC2A2) in zebrafish

AuthorsCastillo, Juan; Crespo, Diego; Capilla, Encarnación; Díaz, Mònica; Chauvigné, François CSIC ORCID; Cerdà, Joan CSIC ORCID ; Planas, Josep V.
KeywordsGene expression
Glucose transport
Issue Date23-Sep-2009
PublisherAmerican Physiological Society
CitationThe American Journal of Physiology- Regulatory Integrative Comparative Physiology 297(5):1570-1581 (2009)
AbstractEvolutionary structural and functional conservation of an ortholog of the GLUT2 glucose transporter gene (SLC2A2) in zebrafish. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 297: R1570–R1581, 2009. First published September 23, 2009; doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00430.2009.—In mammals, GLUT2 plays an essential role in glucose homeostasis. From an evolutionary perspective, relatively little is known about the biology of GLUT2, or other GLUTs, in nonmammalian vertebrates. Here, we have conducted studies to functionally characterize GLUT2 in zebrafish. First, we cloned the zebrafish ortholog of GLUT2 (zfGLUT2) encoding a protein of 504 amino acids with high-sequence identity to other known vertebrate GLUT2 proteins. The zfGLUT2 gene consists of 11 exons and 10 introns, spanning 20 kb and mapping to a region of chromosome 2 that exhibits conserved synteny with human chromosome 3. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, zfGLUT2 transported 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) with similar affinity than mammalian GLUT2 (Km of 11 mM). Transport of 2-DG was competed mostly by D-fructose and D-mannose and was inhibited by cytochalasin B. During early development, zfGLUT2 expression was detected already at 10 h postfertilization and remained elevated in 5-day larvae, when it was clearly localized to the liver and intestinal bulb. In the adult, zfGLUT2 expression was highest in testis, brain, skin, kidney, and intestine, followed by liver and muscle. In the intestine, zfGLUT2 transcripts were detected in absorptive enterocytes, and its mRNA levels were altered by fasting and refeeding, suggesting that its expression in the intestine may be regulated by the nutritional status. These results indicate that the structure and function of GLUT2 has been remarkably well conserved during vertebrate evolution and open the way for the use of zebrafish as a model species in which to study the biology and pathophysiology of GLUT2.
Description12 pages, 9 figures, 2 tables
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