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Proteomic Analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Response to Oxidative Stress Mediated by Cocoa Polyphenols Extract

AuthorsPeláez Soto, Ana; Roig, Patricia; Martínez Culebras, Pedro V.; Fernández-Espinar, M. Teresa; Gil, José Vicente
KeywordsProtein identification
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Deletion mutants
Cocoa polyphenols
Antioxidant activity
Oxidative stress
Amino acid metabolism
Issue Date21-Jan-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationMolecules 25 (3): 452 (2020)
AbstractThe present study addressed the protective effects against oxidative stress (OS) of a cocoa powder extract (CPEX) on the protein expression profile of S. cerevisiae. A proteomic analysis was performed after culture preincubation with CPEX either without stress (−OS) or under stress conditions (+OS) (5 mM of H2O2). LC-MS/MS identified 33 differentially expressed proteins (–OS: 14, +OS: 19) that were included By Gene Ontology analysis in biological processes: biosynthesis of amino acids, carbohydrate metabolism and reactive oxygen species metabolic process. In a gene-knockout strains study, eight proteins were identified as putative candidates for being involved in the protective mechanism of cocoa polyphenols against OS induced by H2O2. CPEX was able to exert its antioxidant activity in yeast mainly through the regulation of: (a) amino acids metabolism proteins by modulating the production of molecules with known antioxidant roles; (b) stress-responsive protein Yhb1, but we were unable to fully understand its down-regulation; (c) protein Prb1, which can act by clipping Histone H3 N-terminal tails that are related to cellular resistance to DNA damaging agents.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25030452
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