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The inhomogeneous phase of dense skyrmion matter

AuthorsPark, Byung-Yoon; Paeng, W.G.; Vento, Vicente
Dense matter
Phase transition
Issue DateSep-2019
PublisherElsevier BV
CitationNuclear Physics A 989: 231- 245 (2019)
AbstractIt was predicted qualitatively in ref. [1] that skyrmion matter at low density is stable in an inhomogeneous phase where skyrmions condensate into lumps while the remaining space is mostly empty. The aim of this paper is to proof quantitatively this prediction. In order to construct an inhomogeneous medium we distort the original FCC crystal to produce a phase of planar structures made of skyrmions. We implement mathematically these planar structures by means of the 't Hooft instanton solution using the Atiyah-Manton ansatz. The results of our calculation of the average density and energy confirm the prediction suggesting that the phase diagram of the dense skyrmion matter is a lot more complex than a simple phase transition from the skyrmion FCC crystal lattice to the half-skyrmion CC one. Our results show that skyrmion matter shares common properties with standard nuclear matter developing a skin and leading to a binding energy equation which resembles the Weiszäcker mass formula.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2019.06.010
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2019.06.010
issn: 0375-9474
Appears in Collections:(IFIC) Artículos
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