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Development of Novel Magneto-Biosensor for Sulfapyridine Detection

AuthorsJamshaid, Talha; Tenório-Neto, Ernandes Taveira; Baraket, Abdellatif; Lebaz, Noureddine; Elaissari, Abdelhamid; Sanchis, Ana ; Salvador, Juan Pablo ; Marco, María Pilar ; Bausells, Joan ; Errachid, Abdelhamid; Zine, Nadia
Magnetic nanoparticles
Competitive assay
Issue Date21-Apr-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationBiosensors 10 (4): 43 (2020)
AbstractIn this work, we report the development of a highly sensitive biosensor for sulfapyridine detection based on an integrated bio micro-electromechanical system (Bio-MEMS) containing four gold working electrodes (WEs), a platinum counter electrode (CE), and a reference electrode (RE). Firstly, the cleaned WEs were modified with 4-aminophenylacetic acid (CMA). Then, (5-[4-(amino)phenylsulfonamide]-5-oxopentanoic acid (SA2BSA) was immobilized onto the transducers surface by carbodiimide chemistry. The analyte was quantified by competitive detection with SA2BSA immobilized on the WE toward a mixture of Ab155 antibody (with fixed concentration) and sulfapyridine. In order to obtain a highly sensitive biosensor, Ab155 was immobilized onto magnetic latex nanoparticles surface to create a 3D architecture (Ab-MLNp). Using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), we investigated the influence of the Ab-MLNp on the sensitivity of our approach. The optimized system was analyzed, as competitive assay, with different concentrations of sulfapyridine (40 µM, 4 µM, and 2 nM) and with phosphate buffer solution. From data fitting calculations and graphs, it was observed that the EIS showed more linearity when Ab-MLNp was used. This result indicates that the magnetic latex nanoparticles increased the sensitivity of the biosensor.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10040043
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