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Biliary sphincterotomy reduces the risk of acute gallstone pancreatitis recurrence in non-candidates for cholecystectomy

AuthorsGarcía de la Filia Molina, I.; García García de Paredes, A.; Martínez Ortega, A.; Marcos Carrasco, N.; Rodríguez De Santiago, E; Sánchez Aldehuelo, R.; Foruny Olcina, J.R.; Gonzalez Martin, Juan Angel; López Duran, S.; Vázquez Sequeiros, E.; Albillos, Agustín
KeywordsBiliary sphincterotomy
Endoscopic retrograde
Issue Date2019
CitationDigestive and Liver Disease 51: 1567- 1573 (2019)
AbstractBackground: Population aging and comorbidity are leading to an increase in patients unfit for cholecystectomy. Aims: To evaluate whether endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy after a first episode of acute gallstone pancreatitis reduces the risk of pancreatitis recurrence and gallstone-related events in non-surgical candidates. Methods: Retrospective study of patients admitted for a first episode of acute gallstone pancreatitis rejected for cholecystectomy between 2013–2018. The role of endoscopic sphincterotomy was evaluated by adjusting for age, severity of pancreatitis, and presence of choledocholithiasis. Results: We included 247 patients (mean age 80 ± 12 years; Charlson index: 5; severity of pancreatitis: 72% mild). Sphincterotomy was performed in 23.9%. Recurrence of pancreatitis occurred in 17.4% patients (median follow-up: 426 days). The one-year cumulative incidence of a new episode of pancreatitis was 1.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.2–12%) and 23% (95% CI: 17–31%) in patients with and without sphincterotomy, respectively (p = 0.006). In multivariate analysis, sphincterotomy showed a protective role for recurrence of pancreatitis (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.29, 95% CI: 0.08–0.92, p = 0.037) and for any gallstone-related event (HR 0.46, 95% CI: 0.21–0.98, p = 0.043). Conclusions: Endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy reduced the risk of gallstone pancreatitis recurrence and other biliary-related disorders in patients with a first episode of pancreatitis non-candidates for cholecystectomy.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2019.05.007
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.dld.2019.05.007
issn: 1878-3562
Appears in Collections:(IC) Artículos
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